Is The Sea Buckthorn Berry An Antioxidant Rich Food?

Vitamins supplements as a capsule with fruit vegetables nuts and beans inside a nutrient pill as a natural medicine health treatment with 3D illustration elements.

What do antioxidants do in our body?

Is the sea buckthorn berry truly deserving of its antioxidant-rich status? To answer this question, it’s crucial to understand the intricate interplay between antioxidants, free radicals, and oxidative damage.

Antioxidants In A Nutshell:

Antioxidants play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and well-being. By neutralizing free radicals, antioxidants help protect cells from damage, reduce inflammation, and support the body’s natural defence systems. Studies suggest that a diet rich in antioxidants may lower the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders.

Understanding Free Radicals:

Free radicals are highly reactive molecules that contain unpaired electrons. They are produced naturally during metabolism, but their levels can increase due to factors such as exposure to pollution, UV radiation, and unhealthy lifestyle choices like smoking and poor diet. Excessive free radicals can lead to oxidative stress, triggering a cascade of cellular damage and contributing to various health problems.

What Are The Signs Of Oxidative Stress?

Oxidative stress occurs when there’s an imbalance between the production of free radicals and the body’s ability to neutralize them with antioxidants. This imbalance can lead to cellular damage and is associated with various health issues. Signs of oxidative stress in humans may include:

  1. Chronic fatigue: Experiencing persistent tiredness or exhaustion, even after adequate rest, could be a sign of oxidative stress affecting cellular energy production.
  2. Weak immune system: Frequent illnesses, infections, or slow wound healing may indicate a compromised immune system, which can be linked to oxidative stress.
  3. Inflammation: Persistent inflammation, characterized by redness, swelling, and pain, could be a sign of oxidative stress, as free radicals can trigger inflammatory responses in the body.
  4. Cognitive decline: Memory problems, difficulty concentrating, or cognitive impairment may occur due to oxidative damage to brain cells, leading to neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.
  5. Premature aging: Accelerated aging signs such as wrinkles, fine lines, and sagging skin can result from oxidative stress damaging collagen and elastin fibres in the skin.
  6. Chronic diseases: Conditions such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative disorders are associated with oxidative stress due to the damage inflicted on cells and tissues.
  7. Eye issues: Oxidative stress can contribute to eye problems like cataracts, macular degeneration, and retinal damage, leading to vision impairment or loss.
  8. Muscle weakness: Decreased muscle strength, endurance, or recovery following physical activity may be linked to oxidative stress-induced damage to muscle cells.
  9. Mood disorders: Depression, anxiety, and other mood disorders may be exacerbated by oxidative stress, as free radicals can affect neurotransmitter function and neural signalling in the brain.
  10. Sleep disturbances: Difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or experiencing poor sleep quality may be indicative of oxidative stress affecting circadian rhythms and sleep-regulating mechanisms.


What Are The Effects Of Long-Term Oxidative Stress On The Body?

Long-term oxidative stress is like constantly attacking your body’s cells. It can lead to problems like chronic inflammation, damage to your DNA, and an increased risk of diseases like heart problems, memory loss, and even cancer. It’s like your body is aging faster than it should, making you more vulnerable to getting sick and feeling tired all the time. Eating foods rich in antioxidants and practicing self-care is important to fight off this ongoing stress on your body.

While the body naturally produces antioxidants, they can also be obtained from food sources. Common antioxidants include vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and various minerals and phytochemicals found in fruits, vegetables, and other plant-based foods.


Man and woman shopping in a supermarket produce section

What Are The Most Important Antioxidants, And Which Foods Have Them?

Vitamin C: Vitamin C is crucial in scavenging free radicals, regenerating vitamin E, supporting collagen synthesis, and enhancing immune function.

  • sea buckthorn berries, 
  • broccoli, 
  • brussels sprouts, 
  • cantaloupe, 
  • cauliflower, 
  • grapefruit, 
  • leafy greens (turnip, mustard, beet, collards), 
  • honeydew, 
  • kale, 
  • kiwi, 
  • lemon, 
  • orange, 
  • papaya, 
  • snow peas, 
  • strawberries, 
  • sweet potato, 
  • tomatoes, 
  • bell peppers (all colours).


Vitamin E: Vitamin E is a fat-soluble antioxidant found in nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils. It protects cell membranes from oxidative damage, helps maintain cardiovascular health, and supports skin integrity.

  • sea buckthorn berries, 
  • almonds, 
  • avocado, 
  • swiss chard, 
  • leafy greens (beet, mustard, turnip), 
  • peanuts, 
  • red peppers, 
  • spinach (boiled), 
  • sunflower seeds.


Carotenoids, including beta-carotene and lycopene: Beta-carotene is a precursor to vitamin A found in orange, yellow, and dark green fruits and vegetables, while lycopene is associated with reducing the risk of certain cancers and protecting against UV damage to the skin. These powerful antioxidant carotenoids are particularly beneficial for eye health, immune function, and skin health.

  • sea buckthorn berries, 
  • Apricots, 
  • asparagus, 
  • beets, 
  • broccoli, 
  • cantaloupe, 
  • carrots, 
  • bell peppers, 
  • kale, 
  • mangos, 
  • turnip
  • collard greens, 
  • oranges, 
  • peaches, 
  • pink grapefruit, 
  • pumpkin, 
  • winter squash, 
  • spinach, 
  • sweet potato, 
  • tangerines, 
  • tomatoes, 
  • watermelon.


Selenium: Selenium is a component of selenoproteins, which have antioxidant properties and play roles in thyroid function, immune response, and DNA repair.

  • Sea buckthorn berries, 
  • brazil nuts, 
  • fish, 
  • shellfish, 
  • beef, 
  • poultry, 
  • barley, 
  • brown rice. 


Zinc: While zinc itself may not directly scavenge free radicals like some other antioxidants, its involvement in enzyme function, glutathione metabolism, and metal ion regulation contributes to overall antioxidant defence and cellular protection against oxidative stress. Therefore, ensuring adequate zinc intake through diet is essential for maintaining optimal antioxidant status and overall health.

  • sea buckthorn berries, 
  • beef, 
  • poultry, 
  • oysters, 
  • shrimp, 
  • sesame seeds, 
  • pumpkin seeds, 
  • chickpeas, 
  • lentils, 
  • cashews, 
  • fortified cereals.


Phenolic compounds: Exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, contributing to cardiovascular health, cognitive function, and cancer prevention.

  • Quercetin (apples, red wine, onions)
  • Catechins (tea, cocoa, berries)
  • Resveratrol (red and white wine, grapes, peanuts, berries)
  • Coumaric acid (spices, berries)
  • Anthocyanins (blueberries, strawberries) 

What are Phenolic Compounds?

Phenolic compounds are a diverse group of organic compounds found abundantly in plants. They are characterized by having one or more hydroxyl groups attached to an aromatic ring. Phenolic compounds serve various functions in plants, including protection against pathogens, UV radiation, and oxidative stress. In human nutrition, they are valued for their antioxidant properties and potential health benefits.

Sea buckthorn berries and leaves contain various phenolic compounds, including:

  1. Flavonoids: These include flavonols such as quercetin and kaempferol, as well as flavanols like catechins and epicatechins.
  2. Phenolic acids: Sea buckthorn contains several phenolic acids, including ellagic acid, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid.
  3. Procyanidins: These are oligomeric flavonoids composed of catechin and epicatechin units, contributing to the antioxidant activity of sea buckthorn.
  4. Anthocyanins: While primarily found in the berries, sea buckthorn berries contain varying amounts of anthocyanins, which give fruits a vibrant red, purple, or blue coloration.
A colourful still life with berries, flowers and mushrooms

Is The Sea Buckthorn Berry An Antioxidant Rich Food?

To answer the question the title of this article poses; Considering the detrimental effects of long-term oxidative stress on health, Sea buckthorn emerges as a potent ally in the battle against free radicals, offering a rich source of antioxidants to bolster the body’s defence mechanisms. Packed with an array of essential antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, selenium, zinc, beta-carotenes, and phenolic compounds, sea buckthorn berries provide powerful protection against oxidative damage. Including sea buckthorn in your diet can help neutralize free radicals, reduce inflammation, and promote overall well-being. Whether consumed fresh, as a juice or incorporated into recipes, sea buckthorn offers a natural and effective strategy for enhancing antioxidant intake and safeguarding against the long-term effects of oxidative stress. 

 The short answer is; yes, sea buckthorn is a food rich in antioxidants!

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With 70% of our immune system residing in our gut, what we put into it, counts! Sea buckthorn juice is known to help achieve balanced nutrient intake, cold and flu resistance and increased energy levels.  It’s inflammation reducing antioxidants help athletes fight body fatigue, and the balanced Omegas fatty acids 3 – 6,  7* & 9, are considered to have a clear role in the prevention and healing of certain Atopic disorders.



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